Italy has three LNG terminals connected to the national network:
- the GNL Italia terminal in Panigaglia, with a capacity of 3.5 billion cubic meters/year;
- the Adriatic LNG offshore terminal in Rovigo, with a capacity of 8 billion cubic meters/year the infrastructure is owned by ExxonMobil (70,7%), Qatar Terminal (22%) and SNAM (7,3%);
- the OLT offshore terminal in Livorno, with a capacity of 3.75 billion cubic meters / year, which has started businesses activities in mid-December 2013.
MiSE has already authorized the construction of other three LNG terminals: an LNG terminal in Falconara Marittima, owned by Api Nòva Energia, with a capacity of 4 billion cubic meters; an LNG terminal in Gioia Tauro, owned by MedGas LNG Terminal, with a capacity of 12 billion cubic meters/year; and an LNG terminal in Porto Empedocle, owned by Nuove Energie, with a capacity of 8 billion cubic meters/year (the latter has also received authorization from the Sicily Region).
Another project of a new terminal that have been considered in ENTSOG’s TYNDP 2017 – 2026 is Zaule, proposed by Gas Natural, with a capacity of 8 billion cubic meters.