In 2015 demand of primary energy in Italy amounted to 169.8 Mtoe.
The figure can be framed into the downward trend of primary energy consumption started several years ago which, in the period 2005 – 2015, contracted at an average rate of 1.5% per annum. Peak primary energy consumption (197.8 Mtoe) occurred in 2005.
The 2008 economic crisis has further contributed to contraction in the demand of primary energy, with an annual contraction of about 2% in the perod 2008-2014. During the three-year period 2013 – 2015, the consumption of primary energy in Italy has contracted at an average rate of -0.9% per annum, from 173.0 Mtoe in 2013 to 169.8 Mtoe in 2015 due to the combined effect of economic stagnation and the implementation of incentive measures for energy saving under the National Efficiency Plan. The contraction in demand led to a reduction in energy consumption from fossil fuels, with an annual average contraction of 1.1%. In particular, natural gas consumption decreased at an annual average rate of 1.8%, from 57.4 Mtoe in 2013 to about 55.3 Mtoe in 2015 (about 33% of primary energy consumption). This decline was mainly due to the reduction of gas consumption in the industrial sector with an average annual reduction of 2.8% and in the civil sector (-3.7% in average). Slightly rising the gas demand of thermoelectric sector, with an increase of about 1%, driven by a lower hydroelectric production, as well as by the reduction in consumption of other fossil fuels, particularly coal and derivatives.
Oil products have seen an increase of demand from 58.3 Mtoe in 2013 to 58.7 Mtoe in 2015 (35% of primary energy consumption) with an average annual increase of 0.3%, while solid fuels recorded an average reduction of 4.0% mainly in the thermoelectric sector, from 14.2 Mtoe in 2013 to 13.1 Mtoe in 2015 (8% of primary energy consumption). As already said before, there is an increase of electricity import between 2013 and 2015, from 9.3 to 10.2 Mtoe (6% of primary energy consumption).
FIGURE 4: PRIMARY ENERGETIC CONSUMPTIONS IN ITALY 2013 – 2015 (Mtoe)